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Joint Replacements


Normally our bodies are supposed to provide us with smooth, pain-free movement. Joint problems such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and past injuries can cause the bone and cartilage in the joint to wear away causing joint pain.This pain is not only uncomfortable but also prevents us from doing the everyday activities we enjoy.

Fortunately, a diseased joint can now be replaced with an artificial joint which relieves stiffness and pain, as well as allows normal movement to once again become possible. Anyone who has ongoing (chronic) pain or loss of function in a joint may be a candidate for joint replacement surgery. However, joint pain doesn’t always require surgery.

Doctors will first try other treatments before turning to surgery, including:

  • Medicine
  • Physical therapy
  • Injections
  • Bracing

If non-surgical treatment options have failed, joint replacement surgery may be an option. Most patients who undergo joint replacement surgeries hips are over 55 years of age, but the operation is occasionally performed on younger persons for specific conditions. Circumstances vary, but generally patients are considered for total joint replacement if:

  • Pain is severe enough to restrict not only work and recreation, but also the ordinary activities of daily living
  • Pain is not relieved by conservative treatment like pain medicine, the use of a cane, and restricting activities
  • There is significant stiffness of the hip
  • X-rays show advanced arthritis or other problems

Types of joint replacement surgery

  • In hip replacement, surgeons replace the ball and the socket of the hip with various forms of metal, polyethylene, and ceramic tailored to the patient's needs.
  • In a knee replacement, surgeons remove arthritic surfaces and resurface the knee with metal and polyethylene components.
  • A partial knee replacement does the same as a full knee replacement, but for only one side of the joint. This can often provide a faster recovery, but it is limited to very specific patient cases.
  • Shoulder replacement surgery removes the diseased and damaged bone in the shoulder.

Just as no two patients are alike, no two joint replacements are exactly the same.  That is why at Citi Neuro Centre, our team of expert orthopedic surgeons work closely with the patient from diagnosis through treatment and recovery in order to meet the unique medical and lifestyle needs of each patient.